The basic rules of roulette are fairly simple, and you don’t need to be some sort of math genius to learn how to play. On this page, you will find all the information you need on how to play roulette and learn all about the different rules that some casinos and games may offer.
The game of roulette consists of a table and the roulette wheel. While these vary slightly depending on the type of roulette you are playing, the premise is simple. The goal is to guess correctly where exactly on the rolling wheel the ball will fall.
The table layout is a representation of the roulette wheel with all its numbers (from 0 to 36 and an extra 00 in American roulette). The numbered sections on the wheel, called pockets, are coloured – 0 is green, in the ranges from 1 to 10 and from 19 to 28 odd numbers are red, while even numbers are black. It is the opposite for the ranges from 11 to 18 and from 29 to 36. That being said, there are many types of bets which you should learn, and different versions of the games which sometimes have unique rules.
Object of the Game
n order to make a bet on your desired number, you put your chips on that number’s particular spot. The object is to correctly guess which number will hit after the ball lands in one of the slots. At the end of play, if you own, you exchange the colored chips with cash chips. However, winning is easier said than done, and luck often plays a part in the game. Some players bet on previous winning numbers, calling them ‘hot numbers’ because the players believe they’re more likely to come up. Other players take a different route, betting on numbers that haven’t shown up yet, believing that their turn is now due.
Roulette includes 11 types of bets, each with its own odds and payout. Players may place as many bets as they would like on each spin, and the table minimum applies to the total of all your bets, not individual wagers. When betting, the dealer will normally give the players about 60 seconds to put down their wagers. Players can still lay down bets when the ball is moving, as long as the croupier (the person who spins the roulette wheel) has not waved his or her hand over the table.
There are two types of bets in roulette: inside and outside bets. Inside bets are made on the layout, or number grid. An outside bet takes part on the outside of the table, outside of the layout.
Straight up Bet: You bet on a single number.
Split Bet: You bet on two numbers by placing a chip on the line, separating the two values.
Corner Bet: You bet on four numbers by placing a chip at the center of the 4 number block that you wish to bet on.
Street Bet: You bet on a row of three numbers, like 1, 2 and 3.
Special Line Bet: You make this bet by placing a chip on 00, 0, 1, 2 and 3.
Dozens: You’re betting that the ball will land on a number between 1 and 12, 13 and 24 or 25 and 36.
Odd or Even: In this case, you place a wager if you believe that an odd number will be rolled. You place a bet on the odd zone in the outside part of the table.
Red or Black: You bet on a red number to appear, or a black number.
Column Bet: This is similar to a dozen bet – you’re betting on one group of numbers to be rolled.
High/Low Number: Low numbers refer to 1-18, excluding 00 and 0, and high numbers refer to 19-36.
When betting and playing roulette, there are certain rules that can apply, depending on the casino or table at which you’re playing.
Here are a few of the most common:
Most American roulette tables allow the surrender rule. If you placed an outside bet, if the ball lands in either 0 pocket, you surrender half your bed, instead of your entire wager. This reduces house advantage significantly on even money, outside bets.
En Prison’ Rule
In some casinos where European/French roulette is offered, players may take advantage of another optional rule. It is called En Prison or “in prison” in French and is a variation of the La Partage. Similar to it, if you place an even-odds bet (red/black, high/low, even/odd) and a zero comes up, you are given two options. You can reclaim half your bet and lose the other half as in the La Partage. Alternatively, you can choose to leave it for the next turn and if it wins on the next spin, you reclaim the initial bet. However, you lose the entire bet if you are unsuccessful.
Of course, there is a third option – that the zero comes up a second time. Should that happen, the bet may be counted as winning, losing, or falling under En Prison or La Partage once again, depending on the casino where you play at or the specific game if you play online. As expected, the house edge here is also reduced in half to around 1.35% on even-odds bets. In case of the ball landing on the zero pocket when you have placed an inside bet (straight, split bet, etc.), the La Partage and En Prison rule no longer apply and you lose the bet.
‘La Partage’ Rule
Generally used on French roulettes, the La Partage rule is preferred by punters as it can cut the house edge on even money bets down to 1.35%. The term is French and can be translated as “sharing” or “dividing”. It stipulates that the player loses only half of any even-odds stakes if the ball lands on the zero. This rule applies to the farthest outside bets such as red/black, even/odd, and high/low.
Minimum and Maximum Stakes
When playing roulette, you’ll find that the casinos will usually offer a maximum and minimum stake for a table, which is generally done for recreational play as well. For each spin of the wheel, the whole amount of a player’s inside bets must surpass the minimum stake. Oftentimes, the listed maximum stake shows the limit allowed for a single number inside wager. For other types of bets, the maximum stakes increases proportionately.